Three-year Treatment Outcomes in the Ahmed Baerveldt Comparison Study
June 30, 2014

Three-year Treatment Outcomes in the Ahmed Baerveldt Comparison Study

Author(s): Barton K(1), Feuer WJ(2), Budenz DL(3), Schiffman J(2), Costa VP(4), Godfrey DG(5), Buys YM(6); Ahmed Baerveldt Comparison Study Group

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33136, USA.

PURPOSE: To compare 3-year outcomes and complications of the Ahmed FP7 Glaucoma Valve (AGV) (New World Medical, Cucamonga, CA) and the Baerveldt Glaucoma Implant (BGI) 101-350 (Abbott Medical Optics, Abbott Park, IL) for the treatment of refractory glaucoma.

DESIGN: Multicenter, randomized, controlled clinical trial.

PARTICIPANTS: A total of 276 patients: 143 in the AGV group and 133 in the BGI group.

METHODS: Patients aged 18 to 85 years with refractory glaucoma and intraocular pressures (IOPs) ≥18 mmHg in whom an aqueous shunt was planned were randomized to an AGV or a BGI.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The IOP, visual acuity (VA), supplemental medical therapy, complications, and failure (IOP >21 mmHg or not reduced by 20% from baseline, IOP <5 mmHg, reoperation for glaucoma or removal of implant, or loss of light perception vision).

RESULTS: At 3 years, IOP (mean ± standard deviation) was 14.3±±4.7 mmHg (AGV group) and 13.1±4.5 mmHg (BGI group) (P = 0.086) on 2.0±1.4 and 1.5±1.4 glaucoma medications, respectively (P = 0.020). The cumulative probabilities of failure were 31.3% (standard error [SE], 4.0%) (AGV) and 32.3% (4.2%) (BGI) (P = 0.99). Postoperative complications associated with reoperation or vision loss of >2 Snellen lines occurred in 24 patients (22%) (AGV) and 38 patients (36%) (BGI) (P = 0.035). The mean change in the logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution VA at 3 years was similar (AGV: 0.21±0.88, BGI: 0.26±0.74) in the 2 treatment groups at 3 years (P = 0.66). The cumulative proportion of patients (SE) undergoing reoperation for glaucoma before the 3-year postoperative time point was 14.5% (3.0%) in the AGV group compared with 7.6% (2.4%) in the BGI group (P = 0.053, log rank). The relative risk of reoperation for glaucoma in the AGV group was 2.1 times that of the BGI group (95% confidence interval, 1.0-4.8; P = 0.045, Cox proportional hazards regression).

CONCLUSIONS: Implantation of the AGV was associated with the need for significantly greater adjunctive medication to achieve equal success relative to implantation of the BGI and resulted in a greater relative risk of reoperation for glaucoma. More subjects experienced serious postoperative complications in the BGI group than in the AGV group.

Ophthalmology. 2014 Apr 23. pii: S0161-6420(14)00204-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2014.01.036.

PMID: 20932583

Clinical Paper of the Month manager: Andreas Boehm